INCREASE-3 | PBS Epsilon | everyday astronaut

Launch window
(Subject to change)
October 12, 2022 – 00:50:43-00:55:11 UTC | 09:50:43-09:55:11 JST
Assignment name
RAISE-3 and others, Epsilon Flight #6
Launch Provider
(Which rocket company launches it?)
IHI Aerospace Co. Ltd (IA)
Customer
(Who pays for this?)
– Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
– Q-Shu Institute of Space Pioneers Inc. (iQPS) (for QPS-SAR-3 and 4)
Rocket
Epsilon Launch Vehicle S
Launch location
Uchinoura Space Center, Kimotsuki, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan
Payload mass
~280 kg (~620 lbs)
Where are the satellites going?
Low Earth Orbit (LEO)
Will they try to recover the first floor?
Nope
Where will the first stage land?
It will crash into the South China Sea
Will they try to recover the fairings?
Nope
Are these fairings new?
Yes
What weather is it ?
To be determined
It will be:
– 1st orbital launch attempt for Japan in 2022
– 6th flight of an Epsilon rocket
– 2nd flight of the Epsilon PBS variant
– 135th orbital launch in 2022
where to watch
If an official livestream is available, we’ll post the link here!

What does all this mean?

The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency launches RAISE-3 and 7 other payloads aboard an Epsilon rocket. A set of five CubeSats flies alongside the main payload.

The primary payload for this flight is an in-orbit demonstration mission. It is part of the Innovative Satellite Technologies Demonstration Program which has been ongoing since 2015. It is a 100 kg class satellite that hosts seven demonstration missions integrated with the main RAISE-3 satellite. You can find more information about this platform below.

Carpooling Cubesats:

Cubesat name Dimensions
MAGNARO 10 x 10 x 34cm
MITSUBA 10 x 10 x 23cm
KOSEN-2 10 x 10 x 23cm
WASEDA-SAT-ZERO 10x10x11cm
ISP-SAT 10x10x11cm
Carpool Cubesats flying with RAISE-3

RAISE-3 mission and others

RAISE-3 (RAPID SatellitE-3 Innovative Payload Demonstration)

RAISE-3 missions (1 of 2) (Credit: JAXA)
Assignment Component name Organization Objectives (summary)
In-Orbit Demonstration of the Satellite IoT Platform in the 920 MHz Band Using Satellite MIMO Technology LEOMI Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation (NTT) In-orbit demonstration of multiple-input, multiple-output (MIMO) telecommunications technology
Software receiver using a flexible development method SRX NEC Space Technologies, Ltd. In-orbit demonstration of a flexible, high-speed software receiver using a signal processing board with COTS parts
In-orbit evaluation of the commercial GPU and its model-based development GEMINI Mitsubishi Electric
Corporation (MELCO)
In-orbit evaluation of commercial GPUs enabling ultra-fast computing.
In-orbit demonstration of a micropropulsion system using a water thruster KIR PaleBlue Inc. Demonstration in orbit of a micro-propulsion system using water as propellant.
In-orbit demonstration and performance evaluation of the PulsePlasma thruster for micro-satellites TMU-PPT Advanced
Technology
Institute, LLC.
In-orbit demonstration of the pulsed plasma thruster, enabling a small, low-power, low-cost propulsion system using solids
propellant.
In-orbit demonstration of
Deployable Membrane Deorbit
Mechanism for micro-satellite
D-SAIL Axelspace Corporation In-orbit demonstration of a deployable membrane structure, aimed at increasing atmospheric drag and the rate of orbital decay.
In-orbit demonstration of a lightweight deployable membrane
Structure with energy generation and antenna function for society 5.0
HELIOS Sakase Adtech Co., Ltd. In-orbit demonstration of a lightweight, deployable membrane structure with power generation and antenna function.
In-orbit demonstration missions integrated into RAISE-3
RAISE-3 missions (2 of 2) (Credit: JAXA)

The RAISE-3 platform is based on the previous RAISE-2 platform, with slightly modified specifications.

Article Features)
Operational period – 1 month for the commissioning phase
– 13 months for the nominal operating phase
Orbit – Sun-synchronous orbit (initial)
– Altitude: 560km (nominal)
– Tilt: 97.6 degrees (nominal)
– Local time descending node: 9:30 a.m.
Launch Expected in fiscal year 2022
Dimensions Approx 1m x 0.75m x 1m
(Start Setup)
Mass Less than 110 kg
energy production – More than 215W at BOL
– More than 180W at end of life
(Average electricity production during sunshine
period)
Communication – S band for remote control: Uplink: 4kbps, Downlink: 64kbps
– X band for mission data and stored telemetry. Downlink: 16 Mbps
Storage 8 GB
Attitude control – 3 stabilized axes
– Pointing towards the ground for the nominal attitude
Resources available for mission payloads – Mass: more than 23kg
– Power: 105Wh (BOL) and 62Wh (EOL) over one orbital period
– Data volume: 926.7 MB per day
– Payload mounting area: more than 2.5 m2

MAGNARO

It is a 3U sized package that splits into two satellites after deployment. One is 2U and the other is 1U. They are connected by magnetism until they are separated. After separating, they will maintain a formation flight at a distance of 2-500 km from each other. Radio amateurs will be able to use these satellites as repeaters for long-range communications.

MAGNARO (Credit: JAXA)

The satellites will be deployed in a sun-synchronous orbit at an altitude of 550 km. The combined mass of the two satellites is 4.4 kg. The name is abbreviated from “Magnetic separation nano-satellite with rotation for orbit control”. The satellites were designed and built at Nagoya University.

MITSUBA

This satellite is described as “the observation of the in-orbit degradation of the COTS semiconductor to add value to the COTS database and the in-orbit demonstration of the general USB device”. It was built by the Kyushu Institute of Technology. The satellite has a mass of 1.7 kg.

MITSUBA (Credit: JAXA)

KOSEN-2

This main satellite platform measures 11cm x 11cm x 23cm, with a YAGI-style directional antenna that extends after deployment. It is designed to study the deformation of the earth’s crust below the seabed. It uses dual reaction wheels to maintain attitude control. It takes observations using a combination of fish-eye camera lenses and magnetic sensors. It was developed by a partnership between the National Institute of Technology (KOSEN), Yonago College, Gunma College and other educational organizations.

KOSEN-2 (Credit: JAXA)

WASEDA-SAT-ZERO

This satellite is a technological demonstrator of 3D printed satellites. Its objective is to have zero fixing screws, zero mechanical parts to assemble and zero debris. This is achieved by 3D printing the entire chassis in one piece.

WASEDA-SAT-ZERO (Credit: JAXA)

It will be used to conduct experiments regarding the deployment of membrane surfaces that could be used as solar panels for power generation or as a solar sail for propulsion. It was designed at Waseda University. The total mass of the satellite is 1.2 kg.

ISP-SAT

It is a cost-effective 1U size satellite with a multi-spectral camera and on-board data processing system. It is designed to demonstrate that this technology can be deployed and operated at this small scale and at low cost. The satellite has a mass of only 1.4 kg. It is built by the Future Science Institute.

FSI-SAT (Credit: JAXA)

QPS-SAR-3 and 4

The QPS-SAR satellites are a set of small Earth observation satellites built by the QPS Institute (Institute for Q-shu Pioneers of Space, Inc.). They feature high-resolution Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) in the X-band portion of the radio spectrum. When fully populated, the constellation is expected to have 36 functioning satellites.

This pair of satellites are improved in power generation and battery storage over their predecessors, QPS-SAR 1 and 2, but these were prototypes. QPS-SAR 3 and 4 each have a 3.6 m diameter antenna (after deployment) that has a mass as low as 10 kg. It is capable of resolving objects as small as 0.7m (~2ft).

QPS-SAR-3 (iQPS credit)

Epsilon rocket

Epsilon is essentially a three-stage vehicle using solid-state engines on all three stages, with an optional post-boost (PBS) stage that uses liquid monopropellant. This PBS, used on this flight, is based on the monopropellant reaction control system used on the H-II (A/B) rocket.

Length 26 meters / 85 feet
Diameter 2.6m / 8.5ft
Total weight 96 t / 212,000 lb
Global Specifications
Epsilon rocket (exploded view) (Credit: JAXA)
Items 1st step
SRB-A3
2nd stage
M-35
3rd step
KM-V2c
PBS1 PLF2
Length (m) 11.7 4.3 2.3 1.2 11.1
Diameter (m) 2.6 2.6 1.4 1.5 2.6
Mass (ton) 75.0 17.0 3.3 0.1 1.0
Propellant (ton) 66.3 15.0 2.5 0.1 N / A
Thrust (kN) 2,271 372 98.8 0.4 N / A
Burning time (s) 116 140 90 1100 N / A
Propellant Solid
HTPB3
Solid
HTPB
Solid
HTPB
Hydrazine N / A
Do) 284 300 301 215 N / A
Control TVC4
SMSJ5
(Solid propellant)
TVC
RCS6
(Thruster)
twirl thruster N / A
Scene specifications

1 – Post-Boost Stage
2 – Payload fairing
3 – Hydroxyl terminated polybutadiene
4 – Thrust vector control
5 – Solid motor side jet
6 – Reaction control system

Flight profile and deployment schedule

Walk The description Time (hms) Time(s) Altitude (km) Speed ​​(km/s)
1 To remove 00 00 0 0 0.4
2 Stop of the 1st stage 01 48 108 70 2.3
3 fairing jettison 02 31 151 115 2.1
4 1st stage of separation 02 41 161 123 2.1
5 2nd stage ignition 02 45 165 126 2.1
6 2nd stage burnout 04 54 294 202 4.8
seven Separation 2nd floor 06 30 390 237 4.7
8 3rd stage ignition 06 34 394 237 4.7
9 3rd stage burnout 08 02 482 232 7.9
ten 3rd separation stage 09 54 594 235 7.9
11 PBS 1st start 16 33 993 277 7.8
12 PBS 1st stop 17 44 1,064 288 7.8
13 PBS 2nd start 41 24 2,484 554 7.5
14 PBS 2nd stop 50 46 3,046 572 7.6
15 RAISE-3 deployment 52 35 3,156 570 7.6
16 MITSUBA & WASEDA-SAT-ZERO Deployment 1 06 30 3,990 570 7.6
17 PBS 3rd start 1 08 11 4,091 572 7.6
18 PBS 3rd stop 1 08 26 4,106 572 7.6
19 QPS-SAR-3 Deployment 1 09 43 4,183 574 7.6
20 MAGNARO deployment 1 10 06 4,206 574 7.6
21 QPS-SAR-4 Deployment 1 11 19 4,279 575 7.6
22 KOSEN-2 & FSI-SAT deployment 1 11 42 4,302 576 7.6

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