Vincent Dassi uses cardboard paste to make and repair everyday objects

Vincent Dassi, a graduate of Design Academy Eindhoven, has developed a form of papier-mâché that allows anyone to make and repair household items using recycled cardboard boxes.


pulp sees Dassi using a food processor to turn cardboard into pulp, which he then molds into 3D shapes using several different techniques.

The material can be used to create new items, repair broken or disused items, or customize items for different uses.

Dassi used cardboard paste to repair various items, including a vacuum cleaner

“As a designer, you can feel very stressed and guilty about creating objects,” said Dassi, who studied at AEDlicense program.

“I wanted to find a way to create things with the lowest possible ecological costs,” he told Dezeen.

Pulp It table, chairs and lamp by Vincent Dassi
Creator posts online tutorials to encourage others to follow suit

Dassi’s project is deliberately low-tech, as he wanted to create an approach that would be easy for others to replicate.

He posted the “recipe” for his pulp on the Pulp It site, where he also shares videos showing how to make everyday items, including a chair and desk lamp.

Trash can and shovel, Pulp It by Vincent Dassi
Items made by Dassi include a laundry basket, dustpan and brush

The designer said his goal was to provide an alternative to consumer culture by allowing people to make their own items by hand using locally sourced materials, rather than buying them online.

“The manufacturer is no longer a simple consumer, but participates in the manufacturing process, which leads to a better appropriation of the object,” he said.

Guitar, Pulp It by Vincent Dassi
The designer also used cardboard pulp to repair a broken guitar

Dassi’s pulp recipe consists of two ingredients, both of which are prepared in the blender.

The first is pulp, which is shredded paper mixed with water. The second is a glue made by combining rice flour with boiling water.

The designer has also built his own press, which he uses to extract water from his pulp.

Instructions on how to build this using simple off-the-shelf materials can be downloaded from the website.

Pulp It chair by Vincent Dassi
A broken chair was repaired with the addition of a new seat

To mold the cardboard paste, Dassi developed a simple method that involves 3D printing a PLA plastic mesh and then heating it so that it can be shaped around a surface. He then uses a 3D pen to fix the formwork.

Once the shape is formed, it can be used as a mold for the pulp to fix inside.

“It’s a project on how to be self-sufficient and how to be local,” Dassi explained. “You can make this material yourself and it can meet any need you want. “

Paperweight by Vincent Dassi
Dassi designed a paper press that can be built from simple materials

The hardened paste should retain its shape, even if it is not waterproof. Dassi suggests adding a layer of wax, but points out that this makes the material more difficult to recycle.

“The fact that it is sensitive to water can be seen as an advantage,” he suggested, noting that the waterproof properties of plastic lead to waste and pollution.

Mold for Pulp It by Vincent Dassi
3D printed PLA sheets are used as molds for the dough

Dassi’s project was on display at the DAE Graduate Fair, where other projects on display included clothing designed to heal trauma, a giant robe, and tools for turning human breath into clouds.

The DAE Graduation Show 2021 was exhibited from October 16 to 24, as part of Dutch Design Week. See Dezeen Events Guide for an up-to-date list of architecture and design events happening around the world.

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